Arthropod and jellyfish stings: Care and prevention during the summer

Summer is the season when we spend more time outdoors and enjoy activities in the sun. However, it is also a time when the risk of being stung increases, both by arthropods (mosquitoes, wasps, ants, spiders…) and sea animals, such as jellyfish or some fish.

The bites are red inflamed plaques on the skin that generate a lot of itching and discomfort, making it difficult to sleep at night. In addition, they often leave residual stains that may take a long time to disappear. Sometimes stings leave lesions that persist for years or a lifetime. In this article, we will see how to deal with these situations and take preventive measures.

In the case of mild stings, we can relieve itching by applying soothing creams or lotions, such as liquid talcum powder or refreshing gels that we can keep in the refrigerator. However, in the early stages, the use of potent topical corticosteroids is especially effective in reducing inflammation and discomfort as well as preventing future residual spots or persistent stings.

Although most stings are simply annoying and temporary, we should not underestimate their importance, as in some cases they can become complicated.

A common complication is bacterial superinfection, which can occur if the affected area is scratched excessively. Topical antibiotics are used to treat this complication, and in more severe cases, oral antibiotics may be administered.

Less common is an exaggerated reaction to stings, which produces lesions that are more inflammatory than normal and may extend beyond the affected area. These reactions depend on the individual immune response and require dermatological attention.

A very rare complication of stings is severe acute allergic reaction. It is important to be alert to symptoms such as general malaise, dizziness, generalized skin lesions. respiratory distress and loss of consciousness. In these cases, emergency medical attention should be sought in order to receive the appropriate treatment in time. Those who already know their allergy often carry self-administered adrenaline, which is essential to overcome a severe reaction.

It is important to keep in mind that bites can act as vectors for disease transmission, especially in tropical regions, such as the Zika virus, which is transmitted through mosquito bites. It is essential to be aware of this possibility and take preventive measures, especially in areas where there is a risk of transmission of this type of disease.

The best way to avoid bites is to wear protective clothing, such as closed shoes, high socks, sleeves and long pants, especially in rural or country environments. The use of appropriate repellents, applied on exposed skin and even on clothing, is also recommended.

During the summer months, it is important to be prepared for arthropod and jellyfish stings. With proper treatment and preventive measures, we can reduce discomfort and avoid complications. Remember that in case of severe or persistent reactions, it is essential to seek medical attention to receive the necessary care.

Enjoy the summer safely and protect your skin from bites!

The bites are red inflamed plaques on the skin that generate a lot of itching and discomfort, making it difficult to sleep at night.