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Explore the advances in trichology, treatments for healthy hair

Tricología

What is trichology?

Trichology is the branch of dermatology specializing in hair and scalp skin. In recent years, trichology has become more relevant due to the great concern of the population about hair loss. However, trichology encompasses much more than hair loss. There are multiple medical problems that can affect the scalp and hair and trichology is dedicated to studying and solving all of them.

What are the most common types of hair loss?

The most frequent hair loss are androgenetic alopecia and telogen effluvium. These two types of hair loss are very different from each other and therefore the therapeutic approach differs completely.
Androgenetic alopecia produces a definitive hair loss in which the hair follicle, i.e. the hair root, disappears forever, so it is an irreversible hair loss. The cause of androgenetic alopecia is genetic and is largely conditioned by hormones.
Telogen effluvium is a transient, time-limited reduction in hair density and thickness caused by various factors such as: anxiety, traumatic event, serious infection, surgery, childbirth or vitamin deficiency. Some medical conditions such as anemia or thyroid problems can also produce telogen effluvium.

What is the best treatment for androgenetic alopecia?

Considering that this is an irreversible hair loss, the best treatment is prevention.
There are effective treatments to prevent androgenetic alopecia that should be started as soon as the first symptoms of androgenetic alopecia appear. There are different drugs among the most effective treatments for androgenetic alopecia.
Another very effective treatment is hair mesotherapy with one of these time-release drugs. It consists of microinjections in the scalp performed by the dermatologist every 3-6 months. Hair mesotherapy can be performed as a single treatment or combined with other topical or oral treatments.

How is telogen effluvium treated?

The most important thing in hair loss due to telogen effluvium is to find out if there is a specific cause and address it as soon as possible.
As a treatment for telogen effluvium, specific vitamin supplements for hair are very useful because they contain all the specific nutrients needed by the body to restore hair growth and strengthening. In addition, there are specific topical treatments that provide nutrients from the outside to stimulate hair growth such as shampoos and lotions. It is important to apply them with a massage and leave them for a while so that they can fulfill their function properly.

How is hair loss diagnosed?

During the medical visit, the dermatologist will take a medical history of the patient, including anamnesis, examination, traction maneuver and request complementary analytical tests if necessary. He will then indicate the best treatment for each patient based on his or her personal situation.

Benefits of hair mesotherapy to revitalize hair

Hair mesotherapy is the microinjection into the scalp of active ingredients that stimulate hair growth. It is a very effective treatment that is performed in a dermatologist’s office.
Depending on the type of hair loss of the patient, different active ingredients will be applied. The periodicity of hair mesotherapy will be from 3 to 6 months depending on the intensity of hair loss and whether or not it is complemented with other topical and/or oral treatments.

As a result, blood microcirculation in the area is stimulated, hair loss is prevented and existing hair is strengthened. The appearance of the hair is visibly improved in a short time.

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