How to achieve a smooth and luminous complexion

We say that a skin looks like porcelain when its surface is smooth (luminous) and without alterations in coloration. In dermatological terms we would say that this is a skin without imperfections. In the superficial layers we speak of a skin without warts, spots or red veins. In the deep layers we speak of a closed pore with a small pilosebaceous gland and no scarring.

The explanation for skin luminosity is purely physical theory. Smooth surfaces reflect light in a “specular” manner while rough surfaces reflect light in a “diffuse” manner. For this reason, the smoother the skin surface, the more luminous it appears. Of course there are genetic factors that condition our skin type, but in the case of the complexion we can do much more than we think to improve it.

The main steps to achieve porcelain skin are:

1. Lead a healthy lifestyle: avoid sun exposure, do not smoke, sleep more than 7 hours a day, and of course do not neglect your diet. It should be rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes and nuts.

2. Create a daily ritualthat is easy to maintain over time according to the possibilities of each person. It is better to use few products but consistently, rather than many cosmetics for short periods of time.

3. Cleansing: the deepest cleansing should be done at the end of the day. There are different cleansing options, but the most recommended to achieve a well-cleansed and soft skin at the same time is the combination of a cleansing cream and a moisturizing toner with allantoin and fucus extract. In this way the skin is perfectly cleansed and moisturized, and at the same time it is prepared to receive any subsequent treatment that you wish to apply. In the morning you can do a quick cleansing with the same moisturizing tonic.

4. Night treatment: there are different active ingredients that aim to close the pores, smooth the skin surface and unify the skin tone. The most interesting active ingredients to use during the night are: glycolic acid, azelaic acid, mandelic acid, salicylic acid, retinol and vitamin C. The choice of treatment product depends on the needs of the skin and the tolerance of each person. The combination of four acids in gel texture can achieve spectacular results with very good tolerance. In any case, the dermatologist’s recommendation and the ascending use in the concentrations of active ingredients is always important.

5. Day treatment: the first treatment should be an illuminating, moisturizing and tightening serum. The serum should be light so that a repairing moisturizer or intensive regenerator can be applied immediately afterwards. In cases of sun exposure or if skin blemishes are present, an anti-aging moisturizer with SPF 50 is recommended instead. Contrary to popular belief, in the mornings it is advisable to apply vitamin C before the cream with or without SPF (antioxidant effect protecting the skin from external aggressions such as the sun or pollution).

6. Food supplement: it is advisable to take a supplement of anti-aging and antioxidant capsules in the morning, especially in the spring and summer months. There are some active ingredients that have been shown to reduce the incidence of skin cancer and skin pigmentation, such as Polypodium leucotomos and nicotinamide. They also prevent skin aging and skin damage caused by ultraviolet radiation.

7. Rotational therapy: generally, treatments aimed at improving skin texture produce great improvement at the beginning of their use but with time the effect stops being noticed. For this reason, it is advisable to change the active ingredients of the treatment. The intervals can be monthly (one month in a row for each product with active ingredients), leaving a week of rest between both treatments with only a repairing moisturizing cream. They can also be weekly intervals (e.g. one week of acid combination followed by one week of moisturizing repair cream followed by one week of retinol gel cream and start again).